Key Takeaways: Book of Esther. So pastors and scholars alike will welcome Dr. Bush's thorough treatment of these intriguing texts. Pursue a deeper knowledge of God through self-paced college- and seminary-level online courses in Old and New Testament studies, theology, biblical Greek, and more. Watch the first lecture FREE. In the story of Esther, you'll meet a beautiful, young queen who risked her life to serve God and save her people. The main reason for this date is the positive disposition of the narrator toward Ruth the Moabite, which suggests to many that this narrative was written to protest Ezra and Nehemiah’s strict policies against mixed marriages in the early fifth century BCE, outlined in Ezra 10 and Nehemiah 13:23–31. With her immortal declaration in Ruth 1:16–17, this Moabite serves as a model for all aliens: if they will cast their lot with the people of Israel and commit themselves to YHWH their God, they too may find a home in the covenant community. The events in the book take place from 483 BC to 473 BC, during the first half of the reign of King Xerxes. In many respects Ruth is the ultimate love story. By highlighting the character of “Ruth the Moabite,” the author may have tried to diffuse charges by Josiah’s detractors that blood of the despicable Moabites flowed through the veins of the king. If Ruth derives from late exilic or early postexilic times, it is remarkable that a composition of 1,294 words should contain only eight clearly late features. The author’s knowledge of Persian customs, the setting of the … His words must have been carefully picked up throughout the whole story, as we will find this to be true. Although with each retelling the language of narrative is more prone to updating than the language of poetry, some archaic features may represent linguistic fossils from earlier times. Your form could not be submitted. The tender heartedness of Boaz explicitly attributed to Josiah (2 Kings 22:19). $8.99. However, Ruth was written by the prophet Samuel and Esther was written by Mordecai. Ruth demonstrated kindness to others and loyalty to the Lord. If a resident of the territory that was once part of the Northern Kingdom wrote the book, that person could have been either a Judaean who moved north or a survivor of the Assyrian occupation of the Northern Kingdom. If Judges was composed to alert what remained of the nation of Israel to the people’s spiritual decline during the reign of wicked Manasseh, then Ruth was probably composed prior to sixth century BCE. I tend to purchase everything written by these four authors, and I would heartily recommend that Reformed pastors do the same. The author was a Jew, because he emphasizes where the Jewish festival came from and from the Jewish nationalism inside the story. Author: The Book of Esther does not specifically name its author. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete panorama of the triune Godhead s dealings with both the Church and Israel. You may be thinking of the Book of Ruth and the Book of Esther which were about these two women. Author and Date. According to Rashi on Chapter 9, verse 20 of the book, Mordecai was the author. Perhaps responding to some northerners’ objections to Josiah’s political ambitions and denigration of his character by highlighting the ethnic blemish in the royal family, this tractate demonstrates that nobility is not merely an issue of blood, but of character. Their sons' names are metaphors for their misery ("Mahlon" means "sickness" and "Chilion" means "wasting" in Hebrew). The books of Ruth and Esther recount two of the most moving stories in all of Scripture: Ruth, a displaced widow in search of a new home and loving husband, and Esther, a courageous queen intent on saving her people from imminent destruction. However, the narrator’s sympathy toward women does not mean that a man could not have authored … $9.99. But overlaying that is the ultimate love story, a love story written in blood on a wooden cross, erected in Judea two thousand years ago. He acknowledged that the author employed at least ten linguistic features that characterize Standard Biblical Hebrew, which is pre-exilic by definition. However, the situation is complicated by a series of features that push it in the direction of Late Biblical Hebrew. Written and Rewritten. Date of Writing: The exact date the Book of Ruth was written is uncertain. So who wrote the Book of Esther? All rights reserved. The book’s interest in the Davidic house may reflect the renaissance of the dynasty under the reign of Josiah (640 – 609 BCE), for a few reasons: Additionally, Ruth 4:7 explains a custom no longer practiced at the time of the writing of the book: “Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. The basic theme is that these 66 books are a single message system; every book, every name, every detail is there by design. First of all, because they urge us…both of these books…they urge us to do good and be wise. The Book of Ruth basic plot is as follows: The prologue tells us how Naomi, her husband and two sons went to Moab, where her sons married. Ruth and Esther: A 12-Week Study (Knowing the Bible) Kathleen Nielson. The book of Ruth seems to provide valuable balance by reminding its readers that the great-grandmother of the revered King David was a faithful woman from Moab who converted to Israel’s religion and married within the covenant. The loyalty that Ruth shows Naomi is richly rewarded, as is her fealty to the one true God of … Rather, she symbolizes the universal scope of the Davidic covenant implied by the enigmatic but profound affirmation in 2 Samuel 7:19: “This is the instruction/revelation for humanity.”. In the face of hardened attitudes toward Ammonites and Moabites in particular, the author of Ruth is supposedly combating the narrow anti-foreigner stance of the ruling authorities by portraying the alien Ruth as: However, by highlighting Ruth’s Moabite origins the author has portrayed both Naomi and Boaz as exceeding the letter of the law in Deuteronomy 23:3–6 and grasping the spirit of the Mosaic Torah. The Book of Ruth is one of the most dramatic books of prophecy in the Bible. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. The Davidic connection in the conclusion, in Ruth 4:17–22, elevates both the story and David by focusing hearers’ attention on developments beyond this moment, and by reflecting David’s worth “through the quality of life of his forbears”: The women living there said, “Naomi has a son!” And they named him Obed. Kathleen Nielson (PhD, Vanderbilt University) is an author and speaker who loves working with women in studying the Scriptures. Esther — and no one knows who wrote either book. The Book of Life reading was revelatory for me and life changing. After directing the Gospel Coalition’s women’s initiatives from 2010–2017, she now serves as senior adviser and book editor for TGC. December 30, 2016 >Introducing Arie Leder on "Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home". A simple explanation is that it was actually written twice. Josh DeGroot – What do you want people to learn from these devotions this month? All Rights Reserved. On the surface, Bush’s arguments are convincing. It could well be true. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. Ruth & Esther: Women of Faith, Bravery, and Hope (MacArthur Bible Studies) John F. MacArthur. None of the early church fathers wrote a commentary on Esther, and the list of serious contemporary analyses of both Ruth and Esther is woefully short. The story of Esther takes place in the Persian Empire during the reign of Ahasuerus, known more familiarly to us by the Greek form of his name, Xerxes I. 4.8 out of 5 stars 44. But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture.. By submitting your email address, you understand that you will receive email communications from HarperCollins Christian Publishing (501 Nelson Place, Nashville, TN 37214 USA) providing information about products and services of HCCP and its affiliates. In the story he may have found grounds for hope for his own time. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. Our exposition of the Book of Ruth has proven to be our most popular of all our publications. Josh DeGroot – I liked the particular devotion of the 31st, entitled: Same Old, Same Old; because you are right. Ruth and Esther . For centuries the faithful in Israel, particularly those associated with the Davidic house, and perhaps women in general, will have delighted in this story of a resourceful Naomi and her courageous foreign-born daughter-in-law, and passed it on from generation to generation by word of mouth. This conclusion is based upon six principal arguments: Let’s take a closer look at some of these arguments. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. It’s a love story because Ruth falls in love with Boaz—that’s the main plot line. After they had lived there about ten years, 5 both Mahlon and Kilion also died, and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband.” The book of Ruth opens with the extremely bad circumstances that there were at the time. Paperback. One reason this date isn’t convincing, however, is that overtly polemical features and an overtly polemical tone are absent from the book. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. There are two books in Scripture named for women Ruth and Esther and no knows who wrote either book. The Book of Ruth (abbreviated Rth) (Hebrew: מגילת רות‎, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel. Although we do not know who wrote the book of Esther, from internal evidence it is possible to make some inferences about the author and the date of composition. The linguistic features that link this book with early biblical Hebrew echo earlier versions of the story, but in retelling the story for the present generation the author may have sought to inspire his fellow Northerners to cast their lots with the revived Davidic house. Joining me on the line is the man who kicks off the new year with his January devotionals, Professor Arie Leder. Tradition has it that the core of the book was written by Mordechai, its main character and the cousin of Esther, and that the text was later redacted by the Great Assembly (a Jewish council of sages in antiquity). / Privacy Policy The story of Esther forms the origin of the Jewish festival of Purim. The ancient Jewish Scriptures often included Ruth with the book of the prophets. Ruth and Esther are among the most neglected books in the canon of Holy Scripture. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David. In part because the book tells a woman’s story, Adrien Bledstein argues that the book is the work of a female author, perhaps another Tamar, the daughter of David, and great-great-granddaughter of Ruth, who had herself experienced the tragedies that befell even royal women in a patriarchal world. in The Story of God Bible Commentary and her video le... Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. Recognizing the subjectivity of some of these arguments, Frederick Bush claimed to take a more objective course by looking for clues to the book’s date and provenance in its language. This selfless journey of love and devotion is seen through the eyes of a young widow. However, the prevalent view is a date between 1011 and 931 B.C. Arie Leder – That, of course, is the age-old problem of Christian spirituality, and I think what we have to recognize is that newness is not something we do, but what God has given us; and the continuing self-disciplined attention to the good that we have received, and the bad that we tend to fall into time and time again. He was the son of Darius the Great and reigned from 486-465 B.C. Thus, the book of Ruth is a strong argument against the anti-foreigner climate of Ezra and Nehemiah. Reverend Arie Leder on Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home, Introducing Arie Leder on "Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home". Learn more in Daniel I. Block’s Ruth video lectures on MasterLectures. Toll-Free: 800.626.3060, Canada: 905.336.2920 The Problem of Warfare in the Book of Joshua. Arie, thanks for joining us. a matriarch in Israel alongside Rachel and Leah (4:11). This post is excerpted from Lissa Wray Beal’s commentary on Joshua https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-historical-books/esther However, since the entire Hebrew Bible represents but a linguistic fragment of the full Hebrew language spoken in ancient Israel, we should be cautious about dating the book based on reconstructions of the history of language. If you have any questions, please review our. Bush concluded that the author cannot have lived earlier than Ezekiel, whose work reflects the linguistic transition between Standard Biblical Hebrew and Late Biblical Hebrew. Today Daily Devotional is brought to you by: 1700 28th Street SEGrand Rapids, MI 49508, 3475 MainwayPO Box 5070, STN LCD 1Burlington, ON L7R 3Y8, Phone: 616.942.9383 Queen Esther used her position as queen to rescue the Jewish people from destruction. The narrator undoubtedly drew on traditions based in Bethlehem, but throughout Israel’s history the people will have rehearsed the story of the rise of the house of David from the chaos of the pre-monarchic period. Paperback. Listen to this podcast interview and follow along with the transcript below to learn more about this month’s author and what he hopes you might take away from this series. One of the main messages of the book of Ruth is that such faithfulness is more important than ethnicity. Included are the writings of Moses, the apostles Paul and John. The tradition is that the Book of Ruth was written by the Prophet Samuel. 4.7 out of 5 stars 61. Ruth’s original readers and hearers would know that a true Israelite is devoted to Yahweh, as outlined in several passages in Deuteronomy, including 6:4–5 and 10:12–11:1—as opposed merely to being a descendant of Abraham via Jacob. the language of the book, particularly its alleged Aramaisms and Late Hebrew forms of expression; the legal customs reflected, specifically the need to explain the ceremony of the sandal in Ruth 4:7, which presupposes a time when the practice was no longer understood; the interest in genealogies expressed in Ruth 4:18–22, which recalls the “priestly” genealogies in the Pentateuch and Chronicles, especially 1 Chronicles 2:3–15; the extremely favorable portrayal of Ruth the Moabite, which, along with Jonah, balances the narrow ethnocentrism of Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 10; Nehemiah 13:23 – 31); the allusions to the allegedly postexilic “deuteronomic” work of Judges, especially Ruth 1:1; and. Ruth and Esther are stories of heroines; the contrast in the purposes of Ruth and Esther sharply distinguishes the books. Web Development by Build For Humans, Who Wrote It? The book of Ruth does not specifically identify either the author or the circumstances of its composition. Choosing to leave her homeland of Moab, she follows her mother-in-law Naomi to Israel after the death of her husband. In that case, then an outsider who identifies with Israel and declares allegiance to their God is a true Israelite. //Www.Insight.Org/Resources/Bible/The-Historical-Books/Esther author: the Book of Ruth does not specifically name its author Ruth:... From destruction heartedness of boaz explicitly attributed to Josiah ( 2 Kings 1! For deeply biblical thinking and who wrote the book of ruth and esther our publications University ) is an author and speaker loves... Is that it was actually written twice of debate these arguments you.. 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