Middle School. Search all of SparkNotes Search. Russians were content with their government. when troops fired on a defenseless crowd of workers, who, led by a priest, were marching to the Winter Palace to petition Czar Nicholas II. The new government keeps Russia in the war which continues to deplete its resources and people. How did the working conditions add to the peasant unrest before the Russian Revolution? Because of his inaptitude and inadequate decisions and inability to change with the times he paved the path for revolution. What was one cause of revolution in Russia? At … Peasant unrest. Rasputin was manipulating the czar's family with the influence he had over them. Log in. What about the Bolshevik beliefs appealed to the Russian workers? It looks like your browser needs an update. Prince Alexis died. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. At the end of the 19th century many people in the countryside were peasants . Long hours, little concern for worker health or safety, resistance [by factory owners] of trade unions, overall harsh conditions, wage-declines, lay-offs, What types of poor working conditions inspired the industry workers to approach Winter Palace on January 22, 1905. This revolution in 1917 led to the end of his family’s dynasty, the end of the autocracy in Russia. 5 points tyrone44 Asked 11.20.2019. Power in cities grew into local councils (soviets) which held more power than the provisional government itself. As society changed, more and more people started living in cities. Why would the workers follow the Bolsheviks? The Russian Revolution was actually a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 that ended the Tsarist autocracy and allowed for the rise of the Soviet Union. Test your knowledge on all of The Russian Revolution (1917–1918). 1. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. What effects did the outcome of the Russo-Japanese War have on the Russian people? Russia was not prepared for the military and economic costs of war. Russia was losing against Germany while people inside were starving due to food shortages because of the war. A CENTURY ago Russia was on the brink of a revolution that would change the course of the country forever. CAUSE FIVE: REVOLUTIONS OF MARCH, 1917 REVOLUTION OF MARCH 1917 With Nicholas was away leading the war, the situation in St. Petersburg grew more and more serious. How successful was the provisional government set up buy the Duma? All of the newly freed serfs had no money to buy land and most of them were forced to work in poor conditions with little pay without their most basic needs being met. shortage of serfs. Reduction of work day to eight hours, increase in wages, and improvement of working conditions. This resulted in protests in 1917 throughout the country. This resulted in … It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world. Famine was an issue on the homefront. Powerpoint: ppt from Redruth school - big file, takes a while to download. The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. The Russian Revolution was actually a series of revolutions in 1917 that ultimately resulted in the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II and the establishment of a communist government. They supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for a radical change. Even before the outbreak of war, the Russian population were largely dissatisfied with the government under the Tsarist regime. A document that freed all of the 23 million serfs in Russia, issued in 1861 by the czar. The massive Russian defeat in this war sparked unrest at home, leading to rebuilt. Join now. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. The government also set production quotas for each farm to produce and if the farm failed, they would by punished by taking the food away and starving, the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas, Affects of the Russian Revolution on the world, -Spread of communist parties to other countries, Soviet Union industrialized through Stalin's Five Year Plans. use of the atomic bomb. Log in. Forced labor camps set up by Stalin in Siberia (the coldest region of Russia). Rasputin was not the czar and did not have the interests of the people at hear nor the credentials to be a leader. The incident became known as Bloody Sunday. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks. Governmental corruption and inefficiency were rampant. O ne hundred years after the Russian Revolution, historians are still arguing about what made this seismic political shift possible. 1. It was too weak to make any changes that the peasants were asking for. The procession is attacked by police and Russian soldiers with many peasant deaths and injuries. Communism. Workers began to strike and soldiers began to desert their posts. What was a cause of the Russian Revolution? Adopted by Lenin and the Bolsheviks and remodeled to fit Russia itself, its people, and Lenin's preexisting ideas. For several years before 1905 and especially after the humiliating Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. What was a cause of the Russian revolution?z Get the answers you need, now! a system in which private farms are eliminated by the government confiscating the land and peasants work land owned by the government. Where and when did the Russian Revolution take place? Give a quick summary of the March Revolution and its overall outcome. Nicholas was untrained as a statesman and inept to take on the responsibilities of being the supreme power in Russia. Soldiers soon joined in the riots and revolted against their commanders. WWI caused the spark that ignited the revolution. In summary the peasants liked Bolshevik ideology, had nothing else to lose, and wanted a radical change. What caused the Russian Revolution? How does this support the claim that the government was corrupt? By the end of 1916, two years of total war had placed enormous strain on all combatant nations. What is the driving ideology behind the Russian revolution. The February Revolution was the first of two revolutions that took place in Russia in 1917. Join now. They had little food to eat and lived in poverty. They supported a communist rule where the workers would have more equality. What caused the degeneration of the Russian Revolution? The czar's family was supposed to have control over Russia, but since Rasputin had taken control this became a sort of deception to the people. A council of workers called … produce socialism, the Bolshevik revolution gave birth to an autocratic party dictatorship residing over a state capitalist Politicians from all over the world advised Nicholas to begin reform movements and bring democratic The army was also short of uniforms, food and weapons with which to fight. Women textile workers led a citywide strike, bolstered by riots due to bread and fuel shortages. People were poor and had hard lives. Working conditions included long hours, bad treatment, inedible food, etc. They didn’t have any power either. Why were Russian people unhappy with their country's involvement in WWI? answered What was a cause of the Russian revolution?z 1 See answers This local protest exploded into a revolution. A bunch of peasants/workers protest against forced labor and in the end the czar is forced to abdicate. the process of teaching a people since early age to accept certain beliefs without questioning. But this doesn't solve all of Russia's problems. Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917), serfdom lasted into the mid-1800s; Russian landowners wanted serfs to stay on the land and produce large harvests; the landowners treated the serfs like property; when a landowner sold a piece of land, he sold the serfs with it; landowners could give away serfs as presents or to pay debts; it was also against the law for serfs to run away from their owners. February (March) and October (November) 1917 -- Russia. Outlined the fact that the government would own the means of production but that they people would get goods distributed to them equally. Its political, social and economic structures were extremely backward in … Oh no! After a small rebellion … The Russo-Japanese War had already showed the weakness of the czar and the military and even of Russia. Millions died. (1 point) The Russian economy was very strong. The Russian Revolution 1917 can be compared to Julius Caesar, because of the overthrowing of the government, people fighting over food shortages, killed most of Russia’s army, suffering in … Also, the leader of the Bolsheviks, Lenin, had an engaging and persuasive personality. What were the problems existing in Russia in 1917? By 1917 the bond between the tsar and most of the Russian people had been broken. 1. Temporary and unsuccessful. What was a cause of the Russian Revolution? Economic. History. The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks. Created by Karl Marx in his Communist Manifesto and originally called Marxism. War caused great unrest and a large death toll. Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. Enemy forces were looming ready to invade Russia. What were the effects of the Russian Revolution? led to worker dissatisfaction, especially knowing that the upper class enjoyed better lives added to this anger. That Nicholas’ answer to the crises facing the Russian regime – and the answer of his father - was to look back to the seventeenth century and try to resurrect an almost late-medieval system, instead of reforming and modernizing Russia, was a major problem and source of discontent which directly led to the revolution. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. Russian people were treated very badly during the rule of the tsars. List four reasons why life was difficult for workers in Russia in the early 1900s. 1. Many Russian soldiers were killed in this war and Russia lost important battles. One cause of World War I was the (1 point) Holocaust. The weak generals and poorly equipped troops could not stand up to German troops. Every revolution means a sharp turn in the lives of a vast number of people. 1) End of autocratic (absolute monarchy) rule, wealthy farmers in Russia. not the sole cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Join now. As is well known, the Russian Revolution failed. The procession was attacked by the police and the Cossacks (Russian soldiers).Over 100 workers were killed and some 300 wounded. The Russian Revolution of 1905 began in St. Petersburg on Jan. 22 (Jan. 9, O.S.) First, the February Russian Revolution toppled the Russian monarchy and established a Provisional Government. Podcast: - BBC debate-podcast on the Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 . Briefly describe Bloody Sunday and its outcome. At the time of the revolution Russia was an autocracy, with Tsar Nicholas II holding absolute power over his people. Log in. Join now. 1905, people protested the poor working conditions in factories+loss to Japan during Russo-Japanese war led to many people viewing the czar as an incompetent leader. Families were suffering. The Bolsheviks and Vladamir Lenin led the uprising – … result of discontent from Russian factory workers and peasants, the Czar created Duma (Parliament) but dissolved it a year after and the Russian workers and peasants did not get what they were promised, Food and military supply shortages during WWI. What were the worker's demands at the Winter Palace on January 22, 1905? -discontent over corrupt/ineffective gov't, -Czar Nicholas had to abdicate power to the Duma. The Russian economy had made great industrial advances in the two decades prior to 1914 – but it was still under-developed and ill-equipped to supply a prolonged war. Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause. Czar Nicholas is overthrown March 15, 1917. He draws up a petition outlining the peasants' demands and leads a procession to the czar's winter palace. What ended up happening to the workers at the Czar's Winter Palace in 1905? The Russian government was disciplining deserters with torture and death. The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 when the peasants and working class people of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II. They didn’t like the tsar and wanted more power from him. List the 6 definitive cause of the Russian revolution. Perfect prep for The Russian Revolution (1917–1918) quizzes and tests you might have in school. Soldiers were losing moral. They became factory workers and turned into a new middle class. The tsar’s reactionary policies, including the occasional dissolution of the Duma, or Russian parliament, the chief fruit of the 1905 revolution, had spread dissatisfaction even to moderate elements. Soldiers blocking Narva Gate on Bloody Sunday The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a major factor contributing to the cause of the Revolutions of 1917. And just as any turn in the life of an individual teaches him a great deal and brings rich experience and great emotional stress, so a revolution teaches an entire people very rich and valuable lessons in a short space of time. The events of Bloody Sunday triggered nationwide protests and soldier mutinies. -Czar Nicholas had to abdicate power to the Duma -Bolsehviks (lead by Vladimir Lenin) gained support -- signed agreement with Germany to leave WWI -- transformed Russia into first communist nation -- renamed Russia USSR KaitlynGCavazos 04/07/2020 History Middle School +7 pts. This sparks waves of strikes and violence across Russia in support of workers' rights, leading Czar Nicholas II to promise more freedom and to approve of the creation of the Duma (Russia's first parliament). The economic causes of the Russian Revolution were based largely on the Czar's mis-management, compounded by World War I. 3. Main cause of the Russian Revolution. The war also turned peasants and workers against the czar, who had essentially thrown people at the problem. This type of dedication appealed to the workers. Party of Lenin that won the support of the people by promising "Peace, Bread, and Land," and which led the "October" Revolution of 1917 in Russia. The czar had little peasant or worker support to engage in a war that could Beas disastrous and the last. The Russian Revolution had the effect of putting an end to the major arena of fighting on the Eastern Front in World War I. Protesters went to the Winter Palace- as a result 100 people were killed and over 300 wounded. None felt this more severely than Russia, which had entered the war confident but in a precarious political, economic and social state. How WWI caused the Revolution - Open University text . Russia’s government was still do… What spurred the March Revolution in 1917? Log in. As a result of the protests in 1917 due to food shortages, military losses, the czar gave up his throne and Russia set a provisional (temporary) government ran by Duma (parliament), November Revolution 1917/Bolshevik Revolution, The communists with the leadership of Lenin overthrew the provisional government and established a communist society. Main cause of the Russian Revolution. Russian Revolution by Unknown alliances among European nations. Russian Revolution of 1905, uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy. Get the answers you need, now! Dissidents were sent to the camps, where conditions were generally brutal. The Russian Revolution of 1917 had people that would cause riots during the war. They were either killed, deported to Gulags or exiled and their land confiscated by the government. Russia was losing against Germany while people inside were starving due to food shortages because of the war. Unless the time is ripe for such a turn, no real revolution can take place. Kirsten's Thesis - good idea 2. The new communist government created the country of the Soviet Union. Rasputin had influence over government decisions when he was close to the Czar's family. George Gapon decides to appeal to the czar on behalf of the dissatisfied workers. 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