INC, International Nut and Dried Fruit Council Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Date_palm&oldid=996996338, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 15:02. The RPW was first noted in the Arabian Peninsula in the mid 1980's and in Egypt in 1992 (Figure 124). In Islamic culture, dates and yogurt or milk are traditionally the first foods consumed for Iftar after the sun has set during Ramadan. 'Barhee', 'Halawy', 'Khadrawy', 'Medjool'); semi-dry (e.g. Dates can also be chopped and used in a range of sweet and savory dishes, from tajines (tagines) in Morocco to puddings, ka'ak (types of Arab cookies) and other dessert items. Developing or implementing an IPM program for a crop involves a systematic application of knowledge about the crop and the pests involved. [20] The upper survival time limit of properly stored seeds remains unknown. [citation needed] Evidence of cultivation is continually found throughout later civilizations in the Indus Valley, including the Harappan period of 2600 to 1900 BCE. Dates are a labour intensive crop. In some areas such as Iraq the pollinator climbs the tree using a special climbing tool that wraps around the tree trunk and the climber's back (called تبلية in Arabic) to keep him attached to the trunk while climbing. It is estimated that over 50% of the date palm plantations are young, below the age of 20 years offering an ideal situation for pests like red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier to establish and proliferate. [53] Male date palms are often used in landscaping because once mature they do not yield the annual crop of dates which can sometimes attract pests. [citation needed]. Date Palm Pests and Diseases: Integrated Management Guide. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. A potential insect problem for the pygmy date palm is red date scale, Phoenicococcus marlatti.This stationary insect pest inserts a straw-like mouthpart into the palm as removes large amounts of plant sap, resulting in fronds remaining closed, premature leaf aging, or plant death. Processed leaves can be used for insulating board. It is estimated that over 50% of the date palm plantations are young, below the age of 20 years offering an ideal situation for pests like red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier to establish and proliferate. They are believed to have originated around what is now Iraq. [3], Date trees typically reach about 21–23 metres (69–75 ft) in height,[7] growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. Like most houseplants, you will need to keep an eye out for scale bugs and aphids. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a major fruit crop in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The leaflets are 30 cm (12 in) long and 2 cm (0.79 in) wide. Larvae and adults of the date moth B. amydraula attacked fruits particularly throughout the fruit growing period between April and July. Dates were introduced into Mexico and California by the Spaniards in 1765, around Mission San Ignacio. The world production of dates has increased from 1.8 million tons in 1962 to over 8.0 million tons at present. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Arabia from the 6th millennium BCE. Plants grown from cuttings will fruit 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants. The ancient Egyptians used the fruits to make date wine, and ate them at harvest. [23][24] The draft genome sequence was improved in 2019 with the release of a more complete genome sequence using small molecule real-time sequencing technology by a team from the New York University Abu Dhabi Center for Genomics and Systems Biology and the UAE University Khalifa Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in the United Arab Emirates. In addition to irrigation and support, palms need good nutrient management and pest and disease control. Dates provide a wide range of essential nutrients, and are a very good source of dietary potassium. It is estimated that over 50% of the date palm plantations are young, below the age of 20 years offering an ideal situation for pests like red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier to establish and proliferate. Date Palm Dubai Regular palm tree trimming is necessary and beneficial for the tree as it promotes healthy growth and helps to inhibit the infestation of red weevils- a palm tree pest that can diminish the quality of dates and eventually cause the death of the tree. [18] It is recognizable in frescoes from Pompeii and elsewhere in Italy, including a garden scene from the House of the Wedding of Alexander.[19]. date palm in the recent years as a monocrop has resulted in new challenges, including the emergence of pests and diseases, which requires the development of sustainable pest and disease management programs. Recently the floral stalks have been found to be of ornamental value in households.[49]. Nine of these survived and in 1935, cultivars were transferred to the "U.S. From the statuesque Washingtonia palm tree to the elegant Canary Island Date, over 200 species of palm trees can thrive in the sunny climate we’re accustomed to in Florida. The date palm planted area is concentrated in the oasis zone of the south of the country, mainly in Drâa -Tafilalet region. Fossil records show that the date palm has existed for at least 50 million years. In later times, traders spread dates around South West Asia, northern Africa, and Spain. [48], Stripped fruit clusters are used as brooms. To obtain fruit of marketable quality, the bunches of dates must be thinned and bagged or covered before ripening so that the remaining fruits grow larger and are protected from weather and animals, such as birds, that also like to eat them. Date seeds are also ground and used in the manner of coffee beans, or as an additive to coffee. It was first recorded in Spain in 1994, and in France in 2006. 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