Later on John the Baptist used it, during the fist century, as a sign of repentance. [48], Protestantism is a movement within Christianity which owes its name to the 1529 Protestation at Speyer, but originated in 1517 when Martin Luther began his dispute with the Roman Catholic Church. [61][62][63], Anglicanism or Episcopalianism has referred to itself as the via media between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. The list includes the following Christian denominations: the Catholic Church including the Eastern Catholic Churches; all the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches with some recognition and their offshoots; Protestant denominations with at least 0.2 million members; all the other Christian branches with distinct theologies, such as Restorationist and Nontrinitarianian … These are denominations, movements, and organizations deriving from mainstream Protestantism but are not classifiable under historic or current Protestant movements nor as parachurch organizations. It is also considered as one of the fellowships of Protestant churches. Assyrian Christianity forms part of the Syriac Christian tradition. Just a place to put all the pages belonging to protestant churches on the Island of Ireland in one place. [46], All of the following are particular churches of the Catholic Church. Arminianism. The World Evangelical Alliance is so far the only major transdenominational evangelical Protestant organization that operates internationally. HISTORY Christianity is the name of the religion of the followers of Jesus of Nazareth, who believe him to be the Christ, or Messiah, sent from God for the salvation of his people. Mentioned national bodies accounted for a little more than 200 million people in 2010. Some churches split due to changes in the Book of Common Prayer and the ordination of women, forming Anglo-Catholic or Evangelical Anglican communities. the United Church of Christ). Such considerations often vary from place to place, or culture to culture, where one denomination may enjoy majority status in one region, but be widely regarded as a "dangerous cult" in another part of the world. The dominance of the Catholic Church in all aspects of life in Spanish Philippines and Protestant anti-Catholic animosity were prominent reasons for the start of Protestant missionary activity. There are numerous churches following the Anglican tradition that are not in full communion with the Anglican Communion. Some Christian bodies are large (e.g. Some Christian bodies are large (e.g. [7] The Eastern Orthodox Church also considers itself the original Christian Church and pre-denominational. Try … According to the Pew Research Center, Pentecostals and Charismatics numbered some 280 million people in 2011.[57]. In 1995 the Chaldean Syrian Church reunified with the Assyrian Church of the East as an archbishopric. Protestant churches reject the idea of a celibate priesthood and thus allow their clergy to marry. [49] New denominations and organizations formed through further divisions within Protestant churches since the Reformation began. For example, the Catholic Church considers itself the one true church and the Holy See as pre-denominational. The Catholics' views on the spiritual office are reflected in the Eucharist, … [67] A select few of these churches are recognized by certain individual provinces of the Anglican Communion. It is also called the Nestorian Church or the Church of Persia. [16] There are also other theories on the origin of Christianity.[17]. The oldest known of Italy's Protestant churches, the Waldensian Evangelical Church, is a pre-Lutheran Protestant denomination, which was founded by Peter Waldo in the 12th century and, after the Protestant Reformation, adhered to Calvinist theology and became the Italian branch of the Reformed churches. Other denominations are defined by either a belief in Joseph Smith as a prophet or acceptance of the Book of Mormon as scripture. Well known Restorationist groups related in some way to Millerism include the Jehovah's Witnesses, World Mission Society Church of God, the Restored Church of God, and the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. Some of these denominations consider themselves as part of True Orthodoxy or the Old Believers as examples, and have walled themselves off from other Christian denominational groups over issues of ecumenism. Niemöller was held in a concentration camp during the period 1937-1945. They represent some of the largest growing movements in Protestant Christianity. This is a list of the largest Protestant denominations. Protestant Church in the Netherlands (PKN) formed in 2004 from the union of the Dutch Reformed Church (NHK), the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (GKN), and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands (ELK); a notable Calvinist group within the PKN is the Reformed Association; Among the most sizeable international bodies are the Anglican Communion, the World Communion of Reformed Churches, the World Methodist Council and the Lutheran World Federation – each with more than 70 million members. Though it considers itself pre-denominational, being the original Church of Christ before 1054,[34][8] some scholars suggest the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic churches began after the East-West Schism as the official State Church of the Roman Empire ceased to exist. Other churches that are viewed by non-adherents as denominational are highly decentralized and do not have any formal denominational structure, authority, or record-keeping beyond the local congregation; several groups within the Restoration movement and congregational churches fall into this category. P'ent'ay, simply known as Ethiopian-Eritrean Evangelicalism are a group of indigenous Protestant Eastern Christian Baptist, Lutheran, Pentecostal, and Mennonite denominations in full communion with each other and believe that Ethiopian and Eritrean Evangelicalism are the reformation of the current Orthodox Tewahedo churches as well as the restoration of it to original Ethiopian Christianity. [15] All modern Christian denominations are said to have descended from the Jewish and Pauline Christianities, with Gnostic Christianity dying, or being hunted out of existence after the early Christian era and being largely forgotten until discoveries made in the late 19th and early twentieth centuries. Ecumenism refers to efforts among Christian bodies to develop better understandings and closer relationships. These churches are also known as Arminian: Charismatic/Pentecostal. It considers itself the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church that Christ founded,[44] and which Saint Peter initiated along with the missionary work of Saint Paul and others. Parachurch organizations are Christian faith-based organizations that work outside and across denominations to engage in social welfare and evangelism. It represents 600 million Christians. Unlike Baptists (also emerging from the Church of England), Methodists have retained liturgical worship and other historic Anglican practices including vestments and the episcopacy. The English church can be traced back to 597. Often there is considerable disagreement between various groups about whether others should be labeled with pejorative terms such as "cult", or about whether this or that group enjoys some measure of respectability. National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, List of religions and spiritual traditions, "Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity", "History of the World Council of Churches", "The differences between the Catholic and Orthodox churches", "Presentazione dell'Annuario Pontificio 2018 e dell' "Annuarium Statisticum Ecclesiae" 2016", "Fragmentation of the primitive Christian movement", "The Patriarchs of the Church of the East from the Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries", "Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East", "Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century", "About the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America", "Status of Global Christianity, 2019, in the Context of 1900–2050", "Who Are Eastern Orthodox Christians and What Do They Believe? Proto-Protestantism, or the Reformation prior to Luther refers to movements similar to the Protestant Reformation, but before 1517, when Martin Luther (1483–1546) is reputed to have nailed the Ninety-Five-Theses to the church door. Divisions between one denomination and another are primarily defined by authority and doctrine. The Latter Day Saints comprise a little over 16 million members collectively.[86]. Anabaptist. Divisions between one denomination and another are primarily defined by authority and doctrine. bishops), in most Protestant churches. A denomination labeled "Protestant" subscribes to the fundamental Protestant principles—though not always—that is scripture alone, justification by faith alone, and the universal priesthood of believers. [73], Adventism was a result from the Restoration movement, which sought to restore Christianity along the lines of what was known about the apostolic early Church which Restorationists saw as the search for a more pure and ancient form of the religion. In this comparison, the Pew Forum's figure of 800 million Protestants is used. 165 likes. The term “baptism” stems, etymologically, from the Greek “baptõ” which means to dip in water or immerse. Index of Articles on Protestant Denominations. The relation of New Thought to Christianity is not defined as exclusive; some of its adherents see themselves as solely practicing Christianity, while adherents of Religious Science say "yes and no" to the question of whether they consider themselves to be Christian in belief and practice, leaving it up to the individual to define oneself spiritually. List of Protestant churches: A Christian denomination is an identifiable religious body with its own beliefs and practices within Christianity. Many of the splinter groups did not subscribe to trinitarian theologies. Dr. Samson Olasupo Adeniyi Ayokunle, President (and chief executive officer). Protestant Denominations Having A “Free-Will” Gospel. The following are groups of Christians appearing between the First Council of Nicaea, the East-West Schism and proto-Protestantism. [2][3] It also refers to efforts toward visible unity in the Christian Church, though the terms of visible unity vary for each denomination of Christianity; the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church each teach visible unity may only be achieved by converting to their denominational beliefs and structure, citing claims of being the one true church. Protestant Churches . Church information on over 45,000 UK Christian churches, with photo, map, description, contact details, and visitor information. Moreover, Protestant denominations altogether do not form a single structure comparable to the Catholic Church, or to a lesser extent the Eastern Orthodox Communion. [25][26][27][28], Assyrian Christianity comprises those Eastern churches who kept the traditional Nestorian christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East after the original church reunited with the Catholic Church in Rome, forming the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1552. Protestant churches are confessional and non-confessional in nature, depending upon denomination. [note 2][1]. However, several different comparable communions exist within Protestantism, such as the Anglican Communion , World Communion of Reformed Churches , World Baptist Alliance , World Methodist Council and the World … Assemblies of God; Various Non-denominational, Independent, loosely affiliated and free Pentecostal churches; Kimbanguist Church; Church of God in Christ; The Apostolic Church; The Pentecostal Mission Non-national bodies. Calvinism follows the theological traditions set down by John Calvin, John Knox and other Reformation-era theologians. Many such groups originated from schisms of these larger denominations, and they claim to have preserved the historical episcopate or apostolic succession, though such claims are frequently disputed or rejected outright by the historic churches of Rome, Constantinople, the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht, and Canterbury.[84][7]. It is an ongoing work-in-progress and needs to be updated as sizes of religious organisations change over time. Adventists. Earlier, the, Rev. There are from 60-80 million Christians identifying as Reformed or Calvinist according to statistics gathered in 2018. It aims to include sizable Protestant communions, federations, alliances, councils, fellowships, and other denominational organisations in the world and provides information regarding the membership thereof. The Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, and Oriental Orthodoxy, meaning the large … [citation needed], Quakers, or Friends, are members of various movements united by their belief in the ability of each human being to experientially access the light within, or "that of God in every person". Many of their families contributed to the development of intellectual elites in their countries. their autonomy or autocephaly is not recognized universally). 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