Staten Island participated in operations and expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctic until early 1966. 1x 230-foot medium icebreaker (Storis) that could break up to 6-feet of sea ice, armed with 3-inch guns. Decommissioned on 31 October 1966, Atka was immediately transferred back to the Coast Guard under the designation WAGB-280. Gibbs & Cox of New York provided the designs with input from the Coast Guard's Naval Engineering Division. Without undergoing a typical post-commissioning shakedown period, Burton Island conducted at sea training (10�15 January 1947) and sailed from San Pedro to San Diego on 16 January. Edisto (AG-89), at the time one of the world's most powerful icebreakers, was launched 29 May 1946 by Western Pipe and Steel Co., San Pedro, Calif.; sponsored by Mrs. George B. Gelly; and commissioned 20 March 1947, Commander E. C. Folger in command. Currently the Coast Guard’s complement of icebreakers includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent an extensive three-year reactivation in 2013. [1][2][3][6][7], Went to  Soviet Navy in 1944 where she was known as the Severni Veter (North wind) and since 1946 as the Kapitan Belusov as part of the Lend-Lease program; returned to  United States Navy in 1951 as the Northwind, renamed Staten Island in 1952, then transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1966. PIASECKI (VERTOL) HUP-3 (RETRIEVER). Six 20 mm/80 AA; Y-guns. Staten Island was struck from the Navy list on 1 March 1966. Diesel electric machinery was chosen for its controllability and resistance to damage, and they were fitted with a removable front propeller used to create a wash to clear ice. All icebreakers returned to the Coast Guard in the 1960s when it was determined that—with its long his-tory of operations in the ice-covered waters of Alaska, Antarctica, Greenland, the … Burton Island was the sixth of seven Wind-class heavy icebreakers built by the Navy in the 1940s. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Naval InstituteProceedings 89 (Feb 1963), pp. The Wind Class icebreakers were built as a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers. The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. Labrador possessed all the general characteristics of her American-built sister ships, but was much improved with state-of-the-art gear at the time (1951). May 25, 2013 - Explore David H. Billsborough's board "USCGC Westwind" on Pinterest. Polar. Renamed Severny Polyus by the Russians, the icebreaker remained in Soviet hands through the end of World War II. See more ideas about coast guard, uscg, guard. In addition the Labrador was built by the Canadians. Three of the vessels of the class, the Westwind, the Southwind, and the first Northwind all went on to serve temporarily for the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease program, while two others were built for the United States Navy and another was built for the Royal Canadian Navy; all eight vessels were eventually transferred to the United States Coast Guard and the Canadian Coast Guard. The bad news is that when it … Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from the United States Coast Guard, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Icebreakers.asp, http://www.sjofartsverket.se/en/About-us/Activities/Icebreaking/The-History-of-Nordic-Icebreaking/, http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8472187/Swedish%20Auxiliary%20Ships, http://www.ucalgary.ca/arcticexpedition/icebreakers/hmcs-labrador, http://web.archive.org/web/20110110055727/http://www.aviation.technomuses.ca/assets/pdf/e_PiaseckiHUP-3.pdf, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/statenisland_1965.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s18/staten_island.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0805.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Eastwind_1944.asp, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Southwind1944.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/a13/atka.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0803.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Westwind1944.pdf, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w7/westwind.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0806.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Northwind1945.pdf, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Burton_Island_1966.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b11/burton-island-i.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0801.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Edisto_1965.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/e2/edisto.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0802.htm, List of United States Coast Guard cutters, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Wind-class_icebreaker?oldid=5194245, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Western Pipe and Steel Company (WPS), San Pedro, California, 6,500 short tons (5,900 metric tons) (full load), Six Fairbanks-Morse 10-cylinder diesel engines, 13.4 knots (24.8 km/h; 15.4 mph) (maximum), 32,485 mi (52,280 km) at 11.6 knots (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph), Aft turret replaced by retractable hangar on aft helicopter deck after WW2, Builder: Western Pipe and Steel Company (WPS) San Pedro, California, Power Plant: six Fairbanks Morse diesel engines at 2000, Displacement: approx 6,515 tons full load (fl), Crew: 21 officers, 295 enlisted as built; (after World War II, the U.S. vessels of the Wind- class had their armament gradually reduced, which also reduced their complements), Armament: Four 5-inch/38 (127 mm) dual purpose guns (2 twin turrets). The Wind - class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric - powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy United States Coast Guard, Royal The Royal Navy was responsible for all of British North America, until Canadian Confederation in 1867. Her name was changed to Staten Island on 15 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the Coast Guard ship Northwind. University of Calgary. Icebreakers in the North. Her name was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 November 1966. "Atomic Icebreaker Considered." The Labrador was not fitted with any weapons systems. [1], Initially, the ships of the Wind-class carried the designation of either WAG for Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, or, (the U.S. Navy) AGB for Auxiliary, General, Breaker. ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY (RCN). She was returned to the United States Navy on 19 December 1951 at Bremerhaven, West Germany. The sides of the icebreaker were rounded, with marked tumble home, that enabled the ship to break free from ice by heeling from side to side. From 1949 through 1960, Edisto continued her indispensable support to exploration in both Arctic and Antarctic. Status: Decommissioned 20 January 1989 and scrapped. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Returned to  United States Navy in 1951, transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1952. Bids for disposition of the ship opened on 27 August 1980. "Under Way With the 140-foot Icebreaker-Tugs." The U.S. Coast Guard’s polar icebreaking fleet will remain based in Seattle after delivery of its new class of heavy icebreakers. Twelve 40 mm/60 AA guns (3 quadruple turrets). She was launched on 31 March 1943 and commissioned on 18 September 1944. After these two ships conquered the McClure Strait, they met with the Canadian icebreaker Labrador going east to west. Matthew Fontaine Maury concluded that a Northwest Passage must exist and that it must be occasionally ice free. Burton Island (AG-88) was laid down on 15 March 1945 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 30 April 1946; sponsored by Mrs. Maud Norris, wife of Capt. Framing was closely spaced and the entire hull was designed for great strength. ________. Redesignated as WAGB-281, Westwind subsequently operated in the waters off Greenland and Newfoundland in the 1950's. They had several mission in the Arctic, but until recent years most of the missions of the Polar Class icebreakers were in the Antarctic. The fifth and final icebreaker, USS Glacier (AGB-4) was in a class of its own and was the flag ship among the Navy icebreakers until 1966 when she was transferred to the Coast Guard to join the Wind Class ships of the Coast Guard. She was the fourth of seven completed ships of the Wind-class of icebreakers operated by the United States Coast Guard. In 1966 the Navy turned all of its icebreakers over to the Coast Guard, and with them, the ice-breaking mission. United States Coast Guard (more on United States Coast Guard) USCGC Eastwind (WAGB 279) USCGC Northwind (i) (WAGB 278) USCGC Northwind (ii) (WAGB 282) USCGC Southwind (WAGB 280) USCGC Westwind (WAGB 281) 4 Icebreakers (5 names) of the Wind class. [1], For Canada's Wind-class icebreaker, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) assigned Pendant Number AW 50 to the Canadian-built HMCS Labrador. Ballast could also be shifted rapidly between fore and aft tanks to change the trim of the ship. On 16 October 1944, Southwind assisted her sister ship Eastwind (WAG-279) in the capture of the weather observation trawler Externsteine, which had landed the Edelweiss II weather team on North Little Koldewey Island in late September. Her keel was laid on 24 March 1942 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro. Normalizing of the plate material in the laboratory] resulted in a marked improvement in notch- toughness properties. Renamed Admiral Makarov in honor of the designer and builder of the world�s first ocean-going icebreaker, the ship operated in the Soviet Navy north of Russia and Siberia for four and one-half years before the Soviet Union returned her to the United States at Yokosuka, Japan, on 28 December 1949. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); The vessel was repaired at Yokosuka and, on 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka (AGB-3). She supplied bases, reported ice packs and floes; took part in oceanographic, hydrographic, geological, coast and geodetic, and hydrophone surveys and Arctic convoy exercises. , USCG, Guard nb: the two Northwinds referenced below are not to be confused with one.! Commissioned on 18 September 1944 ice with New 140-Foot Tugs. returned to States! For Coast Guard service into 1979 on those bodies of water New provided. 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