All these factors either separately or in combination pave the way for delinquency. 10 Innovative Topics For An Argumentative Essay On Juvenile Delinquency. It was found that the average intelligence of juvenile delinquents from socially and economically handicapped group is low. In a gang, the responsibility or blame of threat is not shouldered by any individual member, but by the gang as a whole just like in a mob. Sometimes parents are seen complaining that their child became a delinquent by mixing in bad company. Treatment of Juvenile Delinquency. They just want to satisfy their destructive tendency, which gives them pleasure. Why the two gangs fought? But in 1950 it was noticed that 40,119 children of all the states of India except U.P. The maximum age limit and also the meaning of delinquency varies from country to country. These delinquents often test the limits and boundaries set by their parents and other authority figures. Just to fulfil their aggressive and sadistic tendency they may drive their car to a small distance, break some parts of the car and leave it there. Various difficulties crop up and so problems of socialization are also experienced. The innocent ones are caught easily because of their lack of understanding and lack of capacity to solve the immediate problems facing them. Need any assistance with your essay? Along with this minimum education, vocational training and training in different trades should also be provided. Burt found a high correlation of 77 between delinquency and density of population. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Free essays about Juvenile Delinquency Proficient writing team Best quality of every paper Largest database of flawless essay examples only on PapersOwl.com! Various groups of the same or nearby area then start fighting. Variables 6. No society can ever completely prevent or eliminate crime, practically speaking. It should develop a flexible attitude so that proper analysis of the causes of delinquency is made and adequate steps are taken both with respect to the prevention and treatment of delinquency. Shaw in a similar study found that the majority of the Juvenile delinquents came from the centres of Chicago and the number of juveniles decreased from centre to periphery. An investigation of 113 delinquent youth in a State confinement office found that 82 percent reported daily liquor and different drug usage, 14 percent used more than two times a week, and 4 percent reported irregular use prior to confinement (DeFrancesco, 1996). All these traits make the father an inadequate and unacceptable model for the child. One feels hungry, it is a biogenic need but how to satisfy these hunger need and where to ask for food is determined by socialization process. There is one ‘paan’ (bettle) shop in front of my house. Second place goes to M.P. Juvenile delinquency entails the term that is used to explain to young people who have not attained majority age and are involved in committing crimes. Starting from the business and use of illegal drugs and homicide murder, it may include various types of dangerous criminal offences. Burks and Harrison (1962) have also stressed the function of stresses which directly threaten the adolescent feeling of inadequacy and worth as precipitating events in some cases of aggressive antisocial behaviour. Particularly people migrate to cities from villages and the cities, semi-urban and urban areas for earning their livelihood. Stott is of opinion that security, affection, love and proper attention from the parents are basically required for the proper growth of personality of the child. Coleman’s Study (1981) indicates that the rate of delinquency increased by 100 per cent within seven years i.e., between 1968-1975. With this type of attitude when he reaches adolscence, it becomes difficult for the boy to develop a masculine self concept. Young delinquents usually are sent to juvenile courts where the main aim is to rehabilitate offenders rather than to punish them. The second essay is a short essay on Juvenile Delinquency of 150-200 words. This finally leads to a tendency to act out inner tension in hostile and destructive manner. (c) Patterns of only aggressive and sexual behaviour modelled by psychopathic parents. Instead of giving these delinquents punishment, they are kept in Juvenile jail and correction homes where various corrective measures are taken to change their behaviour in the positive direction. Delinquency refers to the failure to follow laws that are set by the state.According to the sociological aspect of criminology, social interactions and individualism are the factors behind the juvenile delinquency. The main concern is if these youths had previous delinquency issues, or if they joined for friendship and a sense of community that turned violent. A delinquent is a minor who commits a crime or a status offense. Abstract Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new concept that law enforcement and civilian organizations are attempting to understand and maintain control of. Why a person becomes a member of a gang? Juvenile delinquency is a fundamental social and economic problem not only in the United States but globally. They do not know what to accept and what to reject. This lack of hope, feeling of uselessness and that they are rejected by the society, lead them to show undesirable anti-social behaviour. Overcrowding of cities, lack of space at home, residence at slum areas, location of various shops and business centres in various residential areas of the city, environmental pollution create a lot of social problems. So, Merril held that it is not justified to assume that larger proportion of the delinquents have lower I.Q. In a gang or a restricted group the influence of social norm is there, sense of responsibility is divided and a boy feels that cinema and various electronic medias, like TV, Video films of violent and sexual nature lead children to delinquency by being helped through various techniques of delinquency shown in the screen. No social factors alone-can contribute to the causation of delinquency though social and cultural factors contribute their share to delinquency. They may take drugs and engage in illegal antisocial activities like thefts, pick pockets, violences etc. A study conducted by the Ministry of Education (1952) Govt, of India indicates that 32,400 children were awarded sentences for delinquency in 1949. People prefer to have their own family of husband and wife and children. Juvenile delinquency is on the rise and parents are trying to find out why. of normals. But poverty cannot be the role cause of delinquency. is concerned. But the revised Bombay children’s Act of 1948 provided not only for custody and control but also for treatment and rehabilitation of young offenders. Considered as a learned behaviour, delinquency was found to be highly correlated with low life styles with lack of recreational facilities and lack of permanent residence. He has to conform and adjust with one set of norms at home and another set of norms in the play group and another in the school. They get pleasure by seeing them suffering. Though rebellion and experimentation is common among adolescents, these children consistently participate in problematic behaviors that negatively affect their academic, social, and personal functioning (“About…”). Children of such areas do not have a park to play, do not have many recreational facilities. (20.5%) and third place to Gujarat (10.9%). This sense of achievement produces in him a sense of security and confidence, a sense of adequateness. Therefore, various steps have been taken to measure the I.Q. A child who has gone to a neighbour’s house to play, feels hungry, but he has been taught not to ask for food from outsiders. According to Uday Sankar’s Study 83% of the Juvenile delinquents came from poor homes, 13% from border line (neither poor nor rich) homes and only 4% came from comfortable homes. Disclaimer Copyright. Communication gap with one or both parents leads to the failure to learn appropriate social values. The average age for those who are classified as delinquent in the United States is 18. Hence, Juvenile delinquents cannot be looked upon as a group of mental defectives. Fine and Fishman (1968) conducted a study on 155 girls in a State Correctional Institution in Kentuky to know their general personality characteristics. After this incident immediately the culprits lied from the spot leaving the injured boy there. The norms set up for the child at home may not be similar to the norms set up by the play groups. Being frustrated and finding no way out, they mix with other children of the similar category and form gangs. In this article we will discuss some potential parental and family factors that have been believed to lead to juvenile delinquency. The average intelligence of children from the non- delinquent, but lower groups is also low. Some other studies also show that below 70 I.Q. Essay On Juvenile Delinquency. In Bandurar’s opinion (1973) often this involves prolonged emotional and social withdrawal arising out of long standing frustration. Then, there is an explosive outburst of violent behaviour like volcanic eruption. In the same manner, socially disadvantaged youths, such as belonging to lower income groups, lower caste groups and having very little education, having lower status in the society may turn to delinquency also. This leads to the development of an antisocial, rebellious and hostile personality in the growing child. Juvenile delinquency over time has developed into a tragic and traumatic social problem, which for some reason consistently attracts more and more youth's everyday. Three main theories that are being focused on are strain theory, control theory, and cultural deviance theories. In many cases street children later become young offenders because they either been witnesses or victims of violence in their early life. Heally and Bronner found that 92% of the delinquents showed emotional disturbances. It also provides for the establishment of reformatory schools for them. Many psychopathic delinquents are found to cut the brand new cushions in theaters and movie halls. The teachers of reformatory schools should also keep in mind to act as substitutes of good, warm and understanding parents and help the children to generate a sense of security and involvement. However, a low intelligence and mental retardation among 5% of the delinquents may be accounted to delinquent behaviour. When a child or an adolscent produces a bag or a basket, a toy in mud or a painting he gets immense satisfaction. Special schools are also established otherwise known as ‘Reformatory Schools’ with specially trained teachers to help the delinquents to overcome the deficiencies in their socialization and develop the right kind of attitude towards themselves. Juvenile crimes are mentioned as far back as ancient Sumerian and Hammurabi (“About…”). The delinquency laws were designed to provide treatment, rather than punishment, for juvenile offenders. Juvenile delinquency is a big problem that not only affects the victims of the delinquents, but it also affects the juvenile delinquents themselves, their family, and even the society as a whole. Such incidents are not rare in our society. About 3 to 5 per cent of delinquent behaviour, seems to be directly associated with psychoneurotic disorders. Uday Sankar gives the figure at 23 per cent. In his case neither realistic considerations, nor moral considerations operate to check his impulsive actions. Some believe it is their social status, while others believe once they commit a crime, they are more likely to recidivism (Grunwald, H., Lockwood, B., Harris, P., & Mennis, J., 2010). On enquiry, my orderly peon told me that these boys belong to another nearby colony and they are going to celebrate Ganesh Puja here. A question that has risen is if gangs attract delinquents or if they make juveniles delinquent. The persistent delinquents also do not seem to have any reality control or inner conscience or morality. Stott (1950) holds that delinquent breaks down is an escape from emotional situation which for the particular individual with the various conditioning of his background becomes almost temporarily invariable. Juvenile delinquency is defined by the Pensylvania Juvenile Court Act as “A delinquent child is one who violated any laws of the common wealth ordinance of the city, a child who by reasons of being way ward or habitually disobedient is uncontrolled by his parents, guardian, custodian or legal representative, a child who is habitually trunt from school or home or child who habitually so deports himself is to injury or endanger the moral or health of himself or others”. Inspite of the cultural variations in different parts of the world, criminals are always punished by the society or law, although the degree of punishment may vary from society to society. Some members of these gangs are involved in petty theft and anti-social behaviour. Introduction to Juvenile Delinquency 2. Gang No. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. United States court systems have seen a recent spike in the prevalence of delinquent acts by juveniles. Effective rehabilitation programmes, long range programmes to prevent delinquency should also be prepared to combat the rise of delinquency in the society. Juvenile delinquency is quite common and this should not surprise you At that this stage in life, most people do not wish to adhere to rules and regulations. Introduction. But nobody dared to object with the apprehension of being misbehaved and malhandled by them. For this purpose, differential diagnosis of the delinquents is essentially required. Juvenile delinquency is the term used for youth who commit acts that would be considered criminal if committed by an adult. It also affects the peace and prosperity of the nation. The manual training will not only encourage their creative abilities, but also would give them satisfaction. Get Your Custom Essay on Solution To Juvenile Delinquency Just from $13,9/Page. They seem to be quite impulsive, callus, and socially insensitive, they do not have the feelings of sorrow, guilt and repentance. But it would be the job of the social reformers and psychologists dealing with the care of the delinquents, to fulfil their needs in a socially accepted manner according to the norms of the society and legal sanctions. Healy and Bronner (1926) found it to be 90, Burt (1925) found it to be 85, Merril (1947) found it to be 92.5. This can be made possible by improving the conditions of the slum areas, providing suitable educational facilities for children staying in slum areas, near railway station, bus stand, market etc. They should not hate them. Thus, now he tries to express his masculanity, independence courage and finally the so called male ego in rebellious and proving offences. Each delinquent child tries to fulfil his needs in an anti-social manner. Article shared by. It is found that even 50 per cent of the delinquents come from lower strata of the society with very poor economic background and hand to mouth living standard. Delinquency undoubtedly is a social evil. Socio-pathic traits include alcoholism, brutality, antisocial attitudes, failure to provide unnecessary frequent absences from home, lack of communication with the child etc. Some of them broke the image of Ganesh and broke the mike. In Western countries delinquents in small groups are brought up in residential areas and given individual treatment, to have in them a feeling that they are part and parcel of the society. There are many types of juvenile delinquency, from the benign to the life altering serious kind. The effect of social disintegration, erosion of values, lack of sense of social sacrifice and commitment for the society may make many children social rejects. Two days before the last Ganesh Puja when I reached home from market, I found that the two boys of the paan shop along with some outside teenagers are constructing a pendal adjacent to the paan shop. Juvenile delinquency Essays. They are not educated because they do not get the opportunity to study due to…, Juvenile Delinquency is a legal term that is given to the behaviour of children and teenagers that would be determined as a criminal if that were to exist in an adult. In a society regulated by laws, such a violation is called a crime. The Prevention And Treatment Of Juvenile Delinquency Social Work Essay. delinquents and criminal may utilize the lower I.Q. In about 50% of the group, they were persistently present. Juvenile Delinquency is the participation of illegal behavior by a minor who falls under a statutory age limit. But the term juvenile delinquency itself has … Large amount of money are being spent in Western countries to rehabilitate the delinquents through various remedial measures. In the 1870’s, children were viewed as…, The Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in School Systems and Communities (b) Irrational, harsh and inconsistent parental discipline. But in the delinquent groups there are 12 to 15 per cent mental defectives. Had it been so, in India where poverty is found in most homes, the number of delinquents would have been more than the rich and better off countries which is not a fact. Filter . About 33% of the group experienced strong feeling of being thwarted. are to be developed through teaching and action. When the father is mostly busy with his own work and commitments or in other works, and if he plays a submissive role in the family, the mother takes over the function of providing affection and discipline of the boy. There seems to be some siren call that leads young men and women into acts that are frowned upon by society. Juvenile delinquency research topic writing is a little bit more challenging task than working on a regular essay. Numerous such quarrels, violence’s and conflicts occur every day between the street corner and Zhopodi gangs. After ten minutes two persons came and took away the injured boy in a rickshaw. Many studies have focused on trying to find ways to reduce juvenile delinquency. Serious traumatic experiences may lead one to become a delinquent. The outlook is now more progressive and dynamic. Society as a whole should give up its fear and hostility towards the delinquents and anti-socials. In this essay, the author willdelve on four main issues in an attempt to shed some light on thesubject of juvenile delinquency. To eat is a biogenic need, but what to eat and how to eat is influenced by social forces and social interaction. Further, each delinquent has to be considered individually focussing attention on the fulfillment of his needs for power, prestige and recognition. When the child grows up with a mother dominance atmosphere in the family, he starts identifying with the mother and greatly depends upon him as a role model. Juvenile Delinquency Essay a struggle on its own for some students). The psychopathic and neurotic children should be given the opportunities of necessary therapeutic measures and prevent the development of delinquent behaviour. School systems have decided to intervene in efforts to reduce these rates. When parents are too much absorbed in their own occupations and activities and do not provide the youth optimum attention, necessary support and encouragement during the crisis period of the growing age, they turn to peers and others as models who might be lacking the qualities of ideal models for the child. Incidence 4. The results, thus, did not show any significant difference between the I.Q. Such problems have an adverse effect on the social development of the child. If the child rearing practices are faulty and are based on rigid, dictatorial principles, if the child is always left to cry and cry, if the child is not handled with due love and affection, if the discipline is harsh, inconsistent and irrational, his suppressed and repressed aggression is vented through anti-social and delinquent behaviour. Andry, on the basis of the findings of his studies, concluded that the delinquent boys felt rejected by their fathers but loved by their mothers. Thus, they are removed from the aversive environment and allowed to learn about the world of which they are a member. This can be possible by the, services of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists. In many under-developed and developing countries including many parts of India, criminal tendency of a person is looked upon as the results of evil deeds in the past life of the parents. But compared to their lower SES counterparts the percentage is very low. There is a communication gap and a generation gap. Poverty, abuse, and family tension are a few of the major reason for a child to become a juvenile delinquent. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. But never the less certain acts are considered as criminal in every society like murders, theft etc. Trained social workers are also engaged to study each case. The schools also develop a number of group activities to change the ego and super ego of these children. 27.4% of them are below 70 I.Q. They always experience a feeling of alienation from family as well as society. Write an essay in about 250 words on “Youth Crime” and discuss the reasons and best possible solutions of the problem. In certain cases, it is found that by nature the mother because of her aggressive personality pattern or earning capacity plays a dominant role compared to the father. Thus, in 13 years the increase in the incidence of delinquency, as reports show, has the highest percentage of Juvenile crimes (24.8%). Findings of his study showed that not a single parent of the delinquent children came from the clerical services. Parental control, while necessary, is not always going to be done in the correct manner.…, Causes of Juvenile delinquency One of the disquieting problems faced by today’s world is – Youth Crime or juvenile delinquency.It is also known as “juvenile offending”. One has to remember that changes are to be made from negative to positive outlooks and values of life. So the child is deprived from parental care and is neglected. They are very impulsive and indulge in acts at the spur of the moment. Thus, the mother is not available to take proper care of the child. Joint family systems are gradually disintegrating. By constant suppression of desires the child never feels free and clear. Essay On Juvenile Delinquency “In our country, children are considered a gift from heaven and if the child is a boy then nothing could be more soothing for the family as from the very beginning children are exempted from severe punishment for any wrong commitment on their part irrespective of … When he finds that a large part of his world is unable to deal with him properly, he in turn does not like to understand the world either. Essay On Juvenile Delinquency 1410 Words | 6 Pages. Juvenile delinquency is major issue in the United States. Actually, the delinquents do not involve themselves in such nuisance for personal gain, but it really reflects their underlying resentment and hostility towards the outer world, the world for which they have no feeling of involvement or belongingness. Juvenile Delinquency Interview. In year 2013, a total of 1323 Juveniles were arrested. In recent years there has not only been any transformation in the past attitude of the society and social thinkers towards delinquency there has also been change in law with regard to Juvenile delinquency. Healy reported that companionship was a single factor causing delinquency in 34 per cent of the cases while Burt gives the figure at 18 per cent. It makes social life hazardous and dangerous. His maladjustment with the society has to be changed. Essay # 2. Glueck’s study, thus, brings the fact to light that the nature of job of parents is also an important determinant of delinquency. The first essay is a long essay on the Juvenile Delinquency of 400-500 words. The theories of both sheldon and Eysenck stress genetic aspects along with environmental aspects to explain delinquent behaviour. Those children who do not get this from their parents become susceptible to delinquency. Glueck’s (1934) study revealed that only 28.8% of the children came from comfortable homes with good economic status of parents. of Juvenile delinquents to verify this view. of the controlled and the experimental group though there was some obtained difference. Next come the age below…, Gangs: Attractors of Juvenile Delinquency or the Cause for it? In the absence of play ground facility, the children start playing in the streets and eventually form a gang and the behaviour of the person is mostly influenced by the gang and so he develops delinquent tendencies. the Puja could not be performed in time. Then only, it will be possible to rehabilitate, recondition and readjust the individual in the society. The feeling of insecurity, rejection of the parents and other members of the family were next important factors causing delinquent behaviour. The inadequacies of the correctional system are being changed. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Finkelstein (1968) holds that accumulation of emotional tensions also lead to a final outbreak the form of delinquency. There are others who just move around in a gang aimlessly and get pleasure in eve teasing, in passing filthy remarks whenever a member of the fair sex passes by. Gang membership provides them a sense of status and approval and a sense of belongingness which they did not get from their family and other social agents. The affectionless and loveless life due to proper parenting and judicious child rearing practices lead to several maladjustments and in some cases juvenile delinquency. Lower socio-economic status parents usually remain absent from home for earning their bread. Consequently one members of a gang fell down on the ground with severe blows and head injury. Juvenile Delinquency: Choice Or Trait. Positive human values like honesty, sociability, amiability, truthfulness etc. There are innumerable instances where many modern youths who run away from home as a sort of reaction to their rebellious feeling, tend to join gangs indulged in delinquent behaviour, prostitution etc. The delinquents must be dealt with sympathy, understanding and good behaviour. 17% OFF on your first order Type the code 17TUDENT. While it was 16,160 in 1961, it was, 40,666 in 1974. This includes the rebellion with the norms of the society. Here, their behaviour is resocialized by the help of group pressure. 3.6/5. Shaw analysed 6,000 cases of crime and observed that in 72 per cent of the cases two or more companions were involved. Essay on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency – There is no single cause or simple explanation for the development of delinquent behaviour. This purpose of giving punishment to the culprit in a major way is to prevent criminal acts. They are socially insensitive and lack guilt feeling. Feeling of inadequacy, inferiority etc. (B) General socio-cultural factors indulging family pattern and interaction, delinquent gang and subculture. It would be interesting to note that currently the incidence of psychopathic personality in female delinquents has increased quite rapidly as reports suggest. In India any person between the age of 7 and 18 years, who violates the provisions of the children’s Acts, the IPC and the CPO will be considered as delinquent. Meaning of Juvenile Delinquency 3. One strategy that has been studied in great depth is deterrence through harsh punishment accompanied by get-tough approaches. Thus, they form a racket and in an organised way they create terror in the area. All kinds of delinquents should not be treated identically, in a group or and should not be given similar rehabilitation facilities. They, therefore, must be helped to develop insight to their own behaviour and analyse their own behaviour which might have led to the maladjustment in the child. Crime committed by children and adolescents under the age of 18 years, is called delinquency. They should, therefore, try to rectify their own behaviour so that in future there is no problem from the side of parents when the child returns from the reformatory home to be rehabilitated in the society. Their approach should be different from what they show to the normal children and each Juvenile delinquent should be given individual attention. Instead of giving physical punishment to the offenders, constant efforts are made to bring change in their outlook and attitude towards society, towards themselves. Hence, these along with recreational centres should be increased. But the question arises whether Juvenile delinquents who are below 18 years of age should be punished like the convicts and criminals or not. They find a sense of acceptance, belongingness and give and take, sympathy, understanding, companionships, loyalty, power and authority which they do not find in a socialized world which they consider to be an out group. One of the physical factors that might influence juvenile delinquency is physical factors, and out of the multiple physical factors, one of it talks about the family’s financial…, Social and Environmental Responsibility Essay. Most of our needs and motives, attitudes and aspirations regarding food, dress, style of living are determined by our cultural values and norms of the society. In Western countries, where separation and divorce of parents are more common, this is a major cause of delinquency. They should not be considered as abnormal human beings. Article: Depression and delinquency covariation in an accelerated longitudinal sample of adolescents. 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